Health and Lifestyles Survey (HLS) data was first collected in 2008 by the Health Sponsorship Council (HSC). Before 2008 the HSC had a range of standalone surveys including Smokefree/Auahi Kore Monitor, Gaming and Betting Activities Survey and the Sun Protection Triennial Survey. In 2008, these surveys were combined into one survey - the HLS.
Face-to-face interviews for the HLS have been completed every two years since 2008.
The main target populations are adults aged 15 years and over, and parents and caregivers of 5 to 16-year-old children living in permanent private dwellings in New Zealand. Each survey year monitors changes in attitudes, knowledge and behaviours, and tracks changes in views about the social desirability and acceptability of various measures. The HLS includes questions about gambling, tobacco, alcohol, sun exposure, nutrition, mental health, and physical activity. Sections and questions vary across the survey years.
Kupe presents results from the most recent survey, as well as changes over time for adults aged 15 years and over. Kupe aims to answer the following questions for each reported indicator:
Kupe was developed by EPI-interactive and the Health Promotion Agency | Te Hiringa Hauora (HPA). HPA appreciates precedents shared from the Annual Data Explorer, which was co-developed by EPI-interactive and the Health and Disability Intelligence Unit at the Ministry of Health.
Data used in Kupe would not have been available without the support and enthusiasm of many individuals, including the people who gave their valuable time to participate in the HLS and the interviewers collecting the data.
The landing page image has been compiled from: Māori Star Compass (courtesy of Te Ara: The Encyclopaedia of New Zealand); “Milky Way Wellington. Leica M9” by Andrew Xu is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 ; and Illustration of stick chart, Marshall Islands , c1920, by Ethel Richardson. Te Papa (MU000049/008/0003).
Example: Health Promotion Agency (HPA) 2018. Kupe 2018: Health and Lifestyles Survey [Data File]. URL: https://kupe.hpa.org.nz/hls-2018/ (Accessed 10 December 2018).
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. For more information view the .
HPA datasets are available for statistical purposes to researchers working within academic institutions, government agencies and the wider health sector, subject to certain conditions. Researchers can apply to access microdata after HPA has released key survey results. For more details please visit Accessing HPA's Microdata for Research purposes .
Please note : Kupe may time-out if left inactive for a while or when the internet connection is interrupted, which will cause the screen to grey-out. To use the app again, refresh the page.
Kupe was mainly developed for desktop use. The screens may look different on mobile devices.
Using links: Text in light blue in Kupe indicates a clickable link either to another page or to a document. Make sure pop-up blockers in your browser are disabled to use this feature.
On the Home page you can directly access the topics. Click on a topic box to go to the respective Topic page (1).
On the Topic page, click on the subtopic you are interested in to go to the respective page (2).
On the Subtopic page, click on the indicator you are interested in to go to the respective page (3). You can also navigate between subtopics using the drop-down menus at the top of the page (4).
On the Indicator page you can navigate between indicators using the drop-down menus at the top of the page (5).
On the Indicator page you can navigate between the tabs 'Overview', 'Prevalence/mean', 'Subgroups comparison', and 'Changes over time' (6).
You can also access information about indicator definitions in the More/less information (7).
The Indicator page presents a series of charts. Hover over the data points or bars in the charts 'Time trends' (8), 'Age and sex' (9) and 'Ethnicity (total)' (10) to get exact values (11).
By clicking on an item in the legend (12) a subgroup can be hidden or shown in the chart.
Note: All downloadable data is at an aggregated level; no microdata is available on Kupe.
If you want to download data for all available indicators as well as related publications, go to the Method page (13). There, the following data is available for download: 'Prevalence/mean', 'Subgroups comparison' and 'Changes over time'.
You can download customised csv datasets from the Subtopic page (14) and from the Indicator page (15) in tabs Prevalence/Mean, Subgroups comparison, and Changes over time.
You can download customised charts in html format from the Indicator page (16) in the tab Overview.
Some of the chart and table headings have Info buttons added (17). Click on an Info button to get further ad-hoc (statistical) information.
Some of the tables contain footnotes with further explanations. You may have to scroll down the page to see the footnote.
Go to the Method page for an overview of the sample design and analysis. You will also find related publications and information on any revisions to previously published data here.
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